فارسى
IRAMOT2017

IRAMOT 2015 Panels

List of Expert Panels

 

1- Investigating the Funding Procedures for Technology Development

 

2- Technological Learning in Large Firms of Oil Industry in the Context of Resistive Economy

 

3- Review of Socio-Cultural aspects of technology development with emphasize on ICT Technologies

 

4- The challenges and solutions on alliance of small innovative (knowledge–based) companies and large companies in Iran

 

5- The governmental method for supporting large firms in order to enhance innovation capabilities

 

6- The role of standardization in transfer of product technology in technological cooperation agreements

 

7- Science and Technology Parks in Iran: Roles, Advantages and Challenges

 

 

 

 

Panel Title

 

Investigating the Funding Procedures for Technology Development


Panel Coordinator

 

Innovation and Flourishing Fund

 

Collaborating organizations

 

Allameh Tabataba’i University, Organization For Investment Economic and Technical Assistance of Iran, Institute of Technology Development For Elites, Sarava Investment Fund, Pishgaman Amin Sarmayeh Pasargad(Shenasa), New Technologies Development Fund, Export Development Bank of Iran


Panel Key Questions

 

What are different institutes and different methods in order to fund technology development in the country? The panel’s main focus is on the four following fields:
A) Venture Capital
1) What are the problems in establishing and developing VCs (in its true meaning) in the country?
1.1) we are facing a growing demand to establish VCs comparing to last decade. Is this a good thing?
1.2) which section has to standardize, legislate, regulate and monitor VCs?
B) The Innovation Fund
1) Which fields of technology development funding does The Innovation Fund cover?
2) How have The Innovation Fund resources been allocated to knowledge-based projects?
3) What are The Innovation Fund strategies to participate in VCs?
C) Foreign Investment
1) How should be the country’s macro policy in absorbing foreign investment in aftersanction era?
2) How to encourage foreign investors to invest in technology development in the country and manage it in a way that results in development of domestic industries and firms?
3) Do Iranians who live in abroad have an acceptable role in foreign investment? What are recommended methods to interact and cooperate with these Iranians?
D) Development Banks
1) To what extent do development banks play a role in technology development?
2) Which tools and methods do development banks have to fund large firms?


Panel Objective

 

Studying and analyzing the status of different funding methods to develop technology and innovation in the country

 

Target group (stakeholders)

 

Government, funds, banks, knowledge-based firms, industrial firms


Panel expected results

 

• Encouraging firms to use governmental and developmental institutes incentives to develop technology
• To suggest methods to improve the country’s developmental institutes status and using different ways to fund technology development

 

 

Panel Title

 

Technological Learning in Large Firms of Oil Industry in the Context of Resistive Economy


Panel Coordinator

 

Research Institute of Petroleum


Collaborating organizations

 

National Iranian Gas Company, Oil Ministry, National Iranian Oil Company, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tarbiat Modares University


Panel problem statement

 

Due to importance of technology development in oil industry specially in after-sanction era and also recent years experiences that show learning from foreign parties specially in oil industry has rarely happened(and this caused many problems for Iran during the sanctions), therefore there is essential need for this kind of discussion specially at this historic time.


Panel Objective

 

Discussion between oil industry managers and bringing their viewpoints closer about learning methods and technological innovation in large firms and networks in the context of knowledge-based resistive economy


Target group (stakeholders)

 

All domestic and foreign managers active in Iranian Oil industry


Panel expected results

 

Due to necessity of technological collaborations with domestic and foreign scientific centers and also refraining from selling crude oil, it seems this kind of discussion is effective in consolidating managers’ points of view and convergence among active parties in this industry.

 

 

Panel Title


Review of Socio-Cultural aspects of technology development with emphasize on ICT Technologies


Panel Coordinator


National Research Institute for Science Policy


Collaborating organizations


Iranian Sociological Association, Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education, Alzahra University


Panel problem statement


Neglecting the cultural values and viewpoints, not paying attention to different social groups’ interests and also not letting the civil society to participate in science and technology policy making processes are considered as main problems in making comprehensive and stable policies and plans for Iranian science and technology fields.


Panel Objective

 

Improving knowledge of science and technology policy makers regarding social and cultural aspects of technology development


Target group (stakeholders)


Master and PhD Students, science and technology managers and policy makers, researchers in science and technology studies


Panel expected results


• Studying the role of social structures including different social classes and groups in technology development
• Knowing how to evaluate the relevance of values and cultural viewpoints with technology development processes
• Assessing technology development policies in different countries from a social perspective
• Knowing how to design National Innovation system in proportion to expansion of social responsibility of technologists
• Studying negative impacts of a technocrat approach toward technology development

 

 

Panel Title


The challenges and solutions on alliance of small innovative (knowledge–based) companies and large companies in Iran


Panel Coordinator


Technology Studies Institute


Collaborating organizations


Iran Nano Technology Initiative Council , Golrang industrial group, Parsa polymer Sharif company, Adico Co., Fanap Co.


Panel problem statement


The framed business model in the mind of most technologists and thereafter the knowledge–based companies owner of technology, is to run the independent and new lines of production and businesses. The supportive existing environment in state for establishing knowledge–based companies is also developed to the approach. While there are many reasons to show that possibility of success in the approach is low in long term, If the perspective doesn`t reform and the engine of innovation or mostly small knowledge–based companies does not link to the main body of state`s economy and industry or large industrial and commercial companies, the imagination of brilliant future for new knowledge–based companies and it is also difficult to frame the economy–based knowledge. Some reasons of failure knowledge–based companies in the case of selecting the independent business pathway of the existing industrial and commercial companies are mentioned in following:
o The technologies and new products for entering into the market usually have faced with some resistances. The resistance is caused by problems such as: the ambiguity of consumers to efficiency or security of new products, coming up with traditional competitors on market channels, the shortage of standards and/or need to new standards. The knowledge–based companies, because of less experience and being their young managers, often are not enabled to overcome the resistance and cannot justify the middle and/or end users about the utility of their product.
o The knowledge–based companies don’t have necessary infrastructure for production such as location and equipment, so that they should do new investments that need to multitude financial resources.
o Even though all the mentioned financial resources and infrastructure will be provided, the knowledge–based companies don’t access to appropriate channels of market for their products, and usually are not aware of significant costs and a necessary long period of time to establish the channels.
o The small companies are without of importance, they are ignorant of the available integration in market and a product portfolio (rather than a single product), and imagine that they can compete with the experienced competitors having a brand in market.

 

Panel Objective


It is helpful to understand the collaborative challenges between small innovative companies (knowledge – based) and large industrial and commercial companies, and presenting the successful domestic experiences.


Target group (stakeholders)


• Small innovative companies
• Large industrial and commercial companies
• Science and technology policy makers


Panel expected results


It seems if a serious attention does not paid to promote the correct business models for knowledge–based companies, and they are looking for establishing the independent business pathways on main body of state economy, the supporting program of knowledge–based companies will also be failed and knowledge – based economy will not form really.

 

 

Panel Title


The governmental method for supporting large firms in order to enhance innovation capabilities


Panel Coordinator

 

CRiTIMiX, Sharif University of Technology


Collaborating organizations


Sharif University of Technology, Middle East Mines Industries Development Holding Company, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tana Energy co., University of Tehran, CinnaGen Co.,Fan Gostar Pars Co., Malek-Ashtar University of Technology.


Panel problem statement

 

The importance of large firms for economic development of countries is clear for everybody. The role of the firms in economic development gets more important when they can supply a new product/service to domestic and international markets via innovation. So that, if governments can help to growth and development of innovation capabilities in large firms, have provided a circumstances for growth and profitability of the firms, then the state economic development would occur. The innovation capability developments of firms by government need an intervention in internal affairs of them, a complex task and in many cases seem impossible. So that, the government usually helps to promote the innovation capability level of large firms in two ways: “motivation intensifier” and “making (indirect) opportunity”. On the other hand, large firms play an
important role in innovation of complex products. They usually take the responsibility of coordinating among the network members, including SMEs, research centers, and universities, called as “system integrations”. The technological innovation in complex products has been very challenging, and the firms` capability to face up with the challenges is different.
Therefore, adopting useful and effective policies need a deep understanding of effective factors about innovation in large firms. The factors are specific for every industry, and usually change from an industry to another. Also, the innovative policies in developed countries are different than developing ones, which we intend to discuss in the panel.


Panel Objective


• To emphasis on the importance of large firms in industrial and technological development in state – level
• Review of growth process in large firms via innovation capability
• Identification of governmental entering points to increase the innovation capability in large firms
• Discussion regarding the efficient methods of governmental interventions to develop the innovation in large firms

 

Target group (stakeholders)


• The large firms` managers
• The industrial policy makers
• The researchers and students in the field of technology management and policy making


Panel expected results


By emphasizing upon the role of large firms in industrial and technological development of state, the panel tries to discuss how to intervene the government’s impact to promote innovation in large firms. It also emphasizes that governmental supportive policies should be done by considering of industry status. In the field, the participants make familiar with the technological growth model in large firms, governmental entering points, and also policy objectives which are being discussed about the potential support of innovative capability development in large firms.

 

 

Panel Title


The role of standardization in transfer of product technology in technological cooperation agreements


Panel Coordinator


Iran’s defense standard center


Collaborating organizations


The institute of education and research defensive industries, The aerospace organization of Iran, Atomic Energy Organization, Material and Energy Research Center, MAPNA Group, Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council, National Standard Organization, The ministry of oil.


Panel problem statement


In fact, the standardization is a process of providing similar solutions for shared issues. The standardization is a process of determining and establishing a standard, the evaluation of adoptability with standard and issuing a certificate and monitoring on a standard progress. It is the knowledge of combining science, technology and experience through unifying and partnering of all stakeholders altogether, and its important performance is to record and document the technical knowledge and its transfer. The standardization is a bed for true and security creating and transferring of the technical knowledge among stakeholders provides a technological alliance agreement. A field, in addition to being qualitative, confident and accepted by all stakeholders, is also measureable, assessable and evaluable. It causes more learning and interesting capacity.
Despite the important and undeniable performances of standardization that its concept is beyond of documenting and applying the standards, and the cycle is also involving establishing, evaluating, monitoring and caring. The importance of its functions is ignored in technological alliances. By considering of observations in technological transfer of products, ignoring of standardization functions, in most cases causes losing of necessary quality, even in some cases leads to the project failure, too. Unawareness and the lack of enough knowledge about the standardization and its benefits on one hand, and the lack of correct policies in right time and place about the area on the other hand are among the effective reducing factors in the success of technology transfer of product. The experience has shown that not observing the standardization principles (like: the lack of attention to innate technological capabilities and state ecology) and the lack of correct transfer of technical knowledge has had large portion in the failure of many projects.
Therefore, it can be said that the existing issues in the field of standardization in technology transfer of products of state are caused by the following items:
• The lack of enough knowledge and understanding in the field of standardization is like a scientific and specialist field, and in result of ignoring its functions,
• The lack of necessary technological infrastructures and capabilities and suitable with transferring the technologies in state,
• The lack of necessary rules and policies, and a determined strategy in the field of standardization in state, In addition to the level of difference in technology development in various technical fields, it needs its special policies in the area of standardization, such as the type of standardization policies in nanotechnology will be different by considering the developing level of state in comparison with other import technologies. By paying attention to large amount of technological alliance projects in post – sanction situations, the importance of issue in state will increase.
By paying attention to above items, the question is drawn what the role of standardization and standards in technological transfer of product in technological alliances is, the senior responsible and managers know of the importance and role of standardization in technological alliance agreements, what solution(s) are facing with the standardization challenges in the
projects.
The past and present situation of standardization in state displays that even though some courses of action are taken place in the field by considering of some industries needs in recent years, but there is still the understanding gap of true standardization problem in technological alliances of state. It is hoped that running the panel can provide solutions and suggestions for present problems and challenges of standardization in technological alliance agreements in state.


Panel Objective


The main aim of running the panel is to determine and introduce the role of standardization in technology transfer of product in technological alliances. The following subsidiary goals can also be expected from running the panel:
• Providing a solution about the standardization problem in technology transfer of product
• Determining the role of each one of actors in the firm environment of technological alliances especially industrial system, policy making system, and middle organizations including the national standard organization and the standardization firms in industries,
• Determining the challenges in localization of international and foreign standards in technology transfer,
• Determining the level of standardization policies in the field of major policy making of science and technology,
• The diffusion of standardization culture Target group (stakeholders)
All of the industries and firms involved in technological alliance projects, and the national and organizational standardization firms.


Panel expected results


• The lack of appropriate transfer of technical knowledge especially the knowledge of how to transfer from sender to receiver,
• Don not access to already designed of appropriate quality,
• The incomplete technology transfer and wasting resources (equipment, human – skilled capital, logistics, modernization and …)
• The possibility of framing inappropriate performance firms,
• Increasing the risk of technology transfer

 

 

Panel Title


Science and Technology Parks in Iran: Roles, Advantages and Challenges


Panel Coordinator


Yazd Science and Technology Park


Collaborating organizations


Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Vice Presidency for Science and Technology, Yazd University, Tarbiat Modares University, Headquarters for Development of Knowledgebased Aviation and Aeronautics Technology and Industries, Innovation and Flourishing Fund, Isfahan Science and Technology Town, Pardis Science and Technology Park


Panel problem statement


In recent years, science and technology parks and incubators have played a crucial role in creating value and developing innovation as a part of the National Innovation System. By helping to form and improve idea-to-market chains in knowledge-based economies, science and technology parks have developed local and national economies in many developed and developing countries. Therefore we can confidently claim that nowadays all countries including developed and developing countries with different socio-economic structures have somehow experienced exploiting this infrastructure and have developed economically and technologically.
Although Iranian science and technology parks have been established with delay, but in recent years have had significant growth both in quantity and quality, therefore their impacts on knowledge based SMEs and finally knowledge-based economy is increasing day by day.
Considering importance and roles of such parks in knowledge-based economy development and bringing extensive variety in creativity and innovation context, and also these parks’ high capabilities in developing knowledge-based economy in Iran, it should be noted that these capabilities have not been evaluated precisely . We have many pros and cons in this regard whose ideas can make a more apparent way to improve the efficiency of these technological institutes.
Since these parks are facing many challenges to use these capabilities, first we need to identify created value by the parks in the process of technology, development and economic growth in Iran and then identify prerequisites, advantages and challenges that these parks are facing.
Anyway we should not ignore the fact that nowadays many emerging technologies are originating from science and technology parks. Today, all countries have structured plans for improving science and technology parks as an infrastructure for knowledge-based economy. These plans include preparing infrastructure and supportive and protective laws. They try to make a proper environment for SMEs to work in and also absorbing international technology-based firms in their parks.
Since these parks are still young in Iran, to make Supreme Leader’s guidance about knowledge-based economy happen, we have to exactly know their created value in society and also their challenges, in order to strengthen these effective institutes. The reason for this is the more we improve our parks, the closer we are to a proper development process which is the most important need of our country today.

 

Panel Objective


• To improve science and technology parks’ capacities and capabilities in relation to developing technological business and also upgrading local and national technology level with precise analysis of these parks’ impacts and future obstacles
• Identifying technological, economic, social, … roles and impacts of science and technology parks in developing technological businesses and also technology development
• Review of advantages and challenges of science and technology parks
• Studying participatory institutes in developing science and technology parks and realizing their goals

 

Target group (stakeholders)


Government and other national and local institutes, science and technology parks, science and technology policymakers, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Vice Presidency for Science and Technology, universities and research centers, entrepreneurs, students, those with innovative ideas, firms that are based in science and technology parks, investors from both public and private sectors


Panel expected results


Not properly evaluating actual and potential impacts of science and technology parks, and also not knowing the future challenges of these parks, have resulted in very incorrect estimations of their impacts (and therefore ignoring these estimations) and also in not realizing these impacts due to many problems and challenges. With this panel, therefore, in addition to identifying these problems and challenges, we try to prepare policy and executive solutions as the important output of this panel.

 

Designing and execution: ADAK company
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